how to speed up the composting process

Composting is a fantastic way to turn organic waste into excellent garden fertilizer, how to speed up the composting process
Simply collect kitchen wastes, such as carrot peelings and cabbage cores, and compost them.
Composting is often done outside, however worm composting can be done indoors or outside.
You must accelerate the composting process if you want to use the final compost to fertilize your plants as soon as possible. Here are seven strategies to accelerate decomposition and fertilizer production.

Worms for Composting

Outside, in a compost bin or compost pile, cold composting is commonly done. To break down plant waste and food leftovers, the system mostly relies on microbes. It can take anything from six months to a year for cold composting to create useful compost.
Composting worms are used in vermicomposting to quickly break down plant materials and food scraps. In just a few months, you can have finished compost.
When the two procedures are combined, finished compost can be produced far faster than cold composting alone. You also receive the added benefit of nutrient-dense worm castings. Learn more about the advantages of worm castings.
Moisture Retention
Water is required by the bacteria in your compost container, but not in excess.
Like a wrung-out sponge, your compost should be wet.
Sprinkle a little water into your compost if it becomes too dry.
Add dry material, such as fall leaves, if it becomes too wet (or, if you have composting worms, more bedding).
Flow of Air
When the composting bin contains enough oxygen for aerobic bacteria or microbes that need oxygen, the composting process works optimally.
When there isn’t enough oxygen, anaerobic microorganisms (non-oxygen-using bacteria) take over, but the decomposition process slows.
Furthermore, under anaerobic conditions, the compost begins to stink.
The oxygen required for fast decomposition is provided by using a bin with sufficient airflow or stirring your compost on a regular basis.
Tumbler composters make it simple to get enough air to all parts of your compost pile.
Warmth During the Winter
You can keep your compost bin outside throughout the winter, but nothing will happen.
Consider the plant matter in your composter to be sustenance for your home. Food kept in the freezer can last for months.
Food can be kept in the refrigerator for days or weeks. Food left out on the table or in a compost pail, on the other hand, will rot rapidly and begin to degrade. We want the plant material to decompose in compost.
When the outside air temperature is warmer, the breakdown process will accelerate. In the winter, learn how to compost with worms.
Composting is accelerated by using chopped plant material.
If you put whole leaves in your compost bin in the fall, you’ll have whole leaves in the spring.
You can get beautiful compost in time for spring planting if you cut up those leaves before placing them in your bin in the fall.
Run a lawnmower over the leaves or use a leaf shredder to break them up.
Allow the leaves to dry before stepping on them—it’s a lot of fun for the youngsters!
Fill up your trash can
A larger amount of stuff decomposes more quickly than a little amount. If you’re composting using worms, though, be careful not to overfeed them.
Speed Compost Processing Time to Balance Carbon and Nitrogen
Your composting bin’s processing time will be sped up if you balance your high-carbon components with high-nitrogen materials. Most of the substances listed below are not recommended for worm composting.
Dried leaves, straw, and wood chips are examples of high-carbon materials that are brown and dry. Green materials, such as grass clippings, or colored materials, such as fruit and vegetable peels, are high in nitrogen. Manure from horses and cows, however, is an exception to this rule. Manure is brown, yet it contains a lot of nitrogen.
Composting is most efficient when the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio is around 20:1. That means you’ll need around 20 times as many dried leaves as fruit peels (by volume).
Based on dry weight, a figure from Cornell Waste Management Institute displays some carbon-to-nitrogen ratios for common materials. The materials with a small first number are high-nitrogen, while those with a large first number are high-carbon. (Please note that the content of some of these documents varies.)
Here are the carbon-to-nitrogen ratios for some typical materials:
Poultry manure, from 3:1 to 15:1
Cow manure, 20:1
Horse manure, from 20:1 to 50:1
Food waste, about 15:1
Fresh grass clippings, 15:1
Sun-dried grass clippings, 20:1
Oak leaves, 40:1 to 80:1
Straw, 50:1 to 150:1
Sawdust, 200:1 to 750:1
Newsprint, 400:1 to 850:1
Corrugated cardboard, about 560:1
In conclusion, accelerating the composting process
The composting process will go faster or slower depending on quite a few factors. Temperature, the amount of material you are trying to compost, the ratio of brown to green matter, and the size of the material all make a difference. Adding nature’s helpers, composting worms, can dramatically reduce processing time.
Uncle Jim’s Worm Farm is the nation’s leading supplier of composting worms, especially Red Worms.
Composting information, live worms, and composting bins may all be found on their website.

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